Kerala , regionally referred to as Keralam is a state in the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 as per the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2(15,005 sq mi) it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and north east, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.
Kerala’s culture and traditions, coupled with its varied demographics, have made Kerala one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. National Geographic’s Traveller magazine names Kerala as one of the “ten paradises of the world and must see destinations of a lifetime. Travel and Leisure names Kerala as “One of the 100 great trips for the 21st century”.
Kerala’s beaches, backwaters, mountain ranges and wildlife sanctuaries are the major attractions for both domestic and international tourists. Major beaches are at Kovalam, Varkala, Fort Kochi, Cherai, Kappad, Muzhappilangad and Bekal. Popular hill stations are atMunnar, Wayanad, Wagamon, Peermade, Nelliampathi and Ponmudi. Kerala’s ecotourism destinations include 12 wildlife sanctuaries and two national parks: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, and Eravikulam National Park are the most popular among them. Alleppey, Kumarakom is famous for back water tours.
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